Install Kubewharf enhanced-k8s

Currently, Katalyst depends on Kubewharf enhanced kubernetes. So before installing Katalyst, you will have to set up a kubewharf enhanced kubernetes cluster.

Prerequisite

The following instructions are tested on veLinux on Volcengine with kubeadm, and should apply to other DEB-based linux systems.

  • The set-up process requires internet access from the hosts. So if you are trying to deploy enhanced kubernetes on Volcengine ECS, you need to use products like NAT.
  • Since we use kubeadm as a deployment tool, do a sanity check on the hosts you are using to deploy kubernetes as described here.
  • To adopt kubewharf to its full extent, we’d recommend Linux kernel 4.19 or higher.

Download binaries

Some components and tools are delivered as binary artifacts. The release versions for these binaries are referenced from kubernetes changelog. Notice that kubelet/kubeadm/kubectl are redistributed by kubewharf.

mkdir deploy
cd deploy

wget https://github.com/containerd/containerd/releases/download/v1.4.12/containerd-1.4.12-linux-amd64.tar.gz
wget https://github.com/opencontainers/runc/releases/download/v1.1.1/runc.amd64
wget https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/cri-tools/releases/download/v1.25.0/crictl-v1.25.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz
wget https://github.com/kubewharf/enhanced-k8s/releases/download/v1.24.6-kubewharf.8/kubernetes-node-linux-amd64.tar.gz

cd -

Set up linux host

Install packages and make configuration changes which are required by the setup process or by kubernetes itself.

apt-get update && \
apt-get install -y apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl && \
apt install socat ebtables conntrack -y

modprobe br_netfilter

cat <<EOF | tee /etc/modules-load.d/k8s.conf
br_netfilter
EOF

cat <<EOF | tee /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
vm.swappiness=0
EOF

sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf

swapoff -a

Set up container runtime

As a more favored setup, containerd is used as the container runtime. This is required for both master and node.

cd deploy

tar xvf containerd-1.4.12-linux-amd64.tar.gz
tar xvf crictl-v1.25.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz

cd bin && ls | xargs -I {} install -p -D -m 0755 {} /usr/bin && cd -
install -p -D -m 0755 runc.amd64 /usr/bin/runc
install -p -D -m 0755 crictl /usr/bin/

mkdir /etc/containerd
cat <<EOF | tee /etc/containerd/config.toml
version = 2
root = "/var/lib/containerd"
state = "/run/containerd"

[grpc]
  max_recv_message_size = 16777216
  max_send_message_size = 16777216

[metrics]
  address = ""
  grpc_histogram = false

[plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri"]
  stream_server_address = "127.0.0.1"
  sandbox_image = "kubewharf/pause:3.7"
  max_container_log_line_size = -1
  disable_cgroup = false
  [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".containerd]
    snapshotter = "overlayfs"
    default_runtime_name = "runc"
    [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".containerd.runtimes.runc]
      runtime_type = "io.containerd.runc.v2"
      [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".containerd.runtimes.runc.options]
        NoPivotRoot = false
        NoNewKeyring = false
        SystemdCgroup = false
  [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".cni]
    bin_dir = "/opt/cni/bin"
    conf_dir = "/etc/cni/net.d"
    max_conf_num = 1
  [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".registry]
    config_path = "/etc/containerd/certs.d"
    [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".registry.mirrors]
      [plugins."io.containerd.grpc.v1.cri".registry.mirrors."docker.io"]
        endpoint = ["registry-1.docker.io"]
EOF

cat <<EOF | tee /etc/systemd/system/containerd.service
# Copyright The containerd Authors.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     <http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0>
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

[Unit]
Description=containerd container runtime
Documentation=https://containerd.io
After=network.target local-fs.target

[Service]
ExecStartPre=-/sbin/modprobe overlay
ExecStart=/usr/bin/containerd

Type=notify
Delegate=yes
KillMode=process
Restart=always
RestartSec=5
# Having non-zero Limit*s causes performance problems due to accounting overhead
# in the kernel. We recommend using cgroups to do container-local accounting.
LimitNPROC=infinity
LimitCORE=infinity
LimitNOFILE=1048576
# Comment TasksMax if your systemd version does not supports it.
# Only systemd 226 and above support this version.
TasksMax=infinity
OOMScoreAdjust=-999

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

# Start containerd
systemctl enable containerd
systemctl start containerd

# Check containerd status
systemctl status containerd

# Configure crictl
cat <<EOF | tee /etc/crictl.yaml
---
runtime-endpoint: unix:///var/run/containerd/containerd.sock
image-endpoint: unix:///var/run/containerd/containerd.sock
timeout: 30
debug: false
EOF

# Sanity check for crictl
crictl ps

Set up kubernetes components

Install kubeadm, kubelet and kubectl. This is required for both master and node.

tar xvf kubernetes-node-linux-amd64.tar.gz

cd kubernetes/node/bin
install -p -D -m 0755 kubeadm /usr/bin
install -p -D -m 0755 kubelet /usr/bin
install -p -D -m 0755 kubectl /usr/bin
cd -

cat <<EOF | tee /lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service
[Unit]
Description=kubelet: The Kubernetes Node Agent
Documentation=https://kubernetes.io/docs/
Wants=network-online.target
After=network-online.target

[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kubelet
Restart=always
StartLimitInterval=0
RestartSec=10

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

mkdir -p /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d
cat <<EOF | tee /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf
# Note: This dropin only works with kubeadm and kubelet v1.11+
[Service]
Environment="KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS=--bootstrap-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.conf \\
                        --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf"
Environment="KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS=--config=/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
# This is a file that "kubeadm init" and "kubeadm join" generates at runtime, populating the KUBELET_KUBEADM_ARGS variable dynamically
EnvironmentFile=-/var/lib/kubelet/kubeadm-flags.env
# This is a file that the user can use for overrides of the kubelet args as a last resort. Preferably, the user should use
# the .NodeRegistration.KubeletExtraArgs object in the configuration files instead. KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS should be sourced from this file.
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/sysconfig/kubelet
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kubelet \\
        \$KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS \\
        \$KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS \\
        \$KUBELET_KUBEADM_ARGS \\
        \$KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS \\
        \$KUBELET_HOSTNAME
EOF

Set up kubernetes master

Set up the kubernetes master. You can adapt some configurations to your needs, e.g. podSubnet,serviceSubnet,clusterDNS etc. Take down the outputs of the last two commands as these will be used later when joining the nodes. Notice that this guide only covers the setup of a single master cluster.

mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes
export KUBEADM_TOKEN=`kubeadm token generate`
export APISERVER_ADDR=<your master ip address>

cat <<EOF | tee /etc/kubernetes/kubeadm-client.yaml
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3
bootstrapTokens:
- groups:
  - system:bootstrappers:kubeadm:default-node-token
  token: $KUBEADM_TOKEN
  ttl: 24h0m0s
  usages:
  - signing
  - authentication
kind: InitConfiguration
localAPIEndpoint:
  advertiseAddress: $APISERVER_ADDR
  bindPort: 6443
nodeRegistration:
  criSocket: unix:///var/run/containerd/containerd.sock
  imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
  name: $APISERVER_ADDR
  taints: []
---
apiServer:
  timeoutForControlPlane: 4m0s
  extraArgs:
    enable-aggregator-routing: "true"
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3
certificatesDir: /etc/kubernetes/pki
clusterName: kubernetes
controllerManager: {}
dns: {}
etcd:
  local:
    dataDir: /var/lib/etcd
imageRepository: kubewharf
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.24.6-kubewharf.8
networking:
  dnsDomain: cluster.local
  serviceSubnet: 172.23.192.0/18
  podSubnet: 172.28.208.0/20
scheduler: {}
controlPlaneEndpoint: $APISERVER_ADDR:6443
---
apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1beta1
authentication:
  anonymous:
    enabled: false
  webhook:
    cacheTTL: 0s
    enabled: true
  x509:
    clientCAFile: /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt
authorization:
  mode: Webhook
  webhook:
    cacheAuthorizedTTL: 0s
    cacheUnauthorizedTTL: 0s
cgroupDriver: cgroupfs
clusterDNS:
- 172.23.192.10
clusterDomain: cluster.local
cpuManagerReconcilePeriod: 0s
evictionPressureTransitionPeriod: 0s
featureGates:
  KubeletPodResources: true
  KubeletPodResourcesGetAllocatable: true
  QoSResourceManager: true
fileCheckFrequency: 0s
healthzBindAddress: 127.0.0.1
healthzPort: 10248
readOnlyPort: 10255
httpCheckFrequency: 0s
imageMinimumGCAge: 0s
kind: KubeletConfiguration
logging:
  flushFrequency: 0
  options:
    json:
      infoBufferSize: "0"
  verbosity: 0
memorySwap: {}
nodeStatusReportFrequency: 0s
nodeStatusUpdateFrequency: 0s
rotateCertificates: true
runtimeRequestTimeout: 0s
shutdownGracePeriod: 0s
shutdownGracePeriodCriticalPods: 0s
staticPodPath: /etc/kubernetes/manifests
streamingConnectionIdleTimeout: 0s
syncFrequency: 0s
volumeStatsAggPeriod: 0s
EOF

kubeadm init --config=/etc/kubernetes/kubeadm-client.yaml --upload-certs -v=5

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

# Set up canal CNI
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/projectcalico/calico/v3.24.5/manifests/canal.yaml -O
kubectl create -f canal.yaml

# Take down the output of the following two lines
openssl x509 -pubkey -in /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt | openssl rsa -pubin -outform der 2>/dev/null | openssl dgst -sha256 -hex | sed 's/^.* //'
kubeadm token create

Join kubernetes nodes

To join a node to cluster, you need to copy some of the outputs when setting up master:

  • CA_CERTS_HASH: the output of openssl x509 -pubkey -in /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt | openssl rsa -pubin -outform der 2>/dev/null | openssl dgst -sha256 -hex | sed 's/^.* //' on master
  • KUBEADM_TOKEN: the output of kubeadm token create on master. If you forgot the token, you can try kubeadm token list on master to get the previously created token. If the token expires, you can create a new one.
mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/manifests
export APISERVER_ADDR=<your apiserver ip address>
export KUBEADM_TOKEN=<token created with 'kubeadm token create'>
export CA_CERTS_HASH=<hash of ca.crt>
export NODE_NAME=<name of the registered node>

cat <<EOF | tee /etc/kubernetes/kubeadm-client.yaml
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta2
kind: JoinConfiguration
discovery:
  bootstrapToken:
    apiServerEndpoint: $APISERVER_ADDR:6443
    token: $KUBEADM_TOKEN
    caCertHashes:
    - sha256:$CA_CERTS_HASH
  timeout: 60s
  tlsBootstrapToken: $KUBEADM_TOKEN
nodeRegistration:
  name: $NODE_NAME
  criSocket: unix:///var/run/containerd/containerd.sock
  tains: []
EOF

# Join the node to cluster
kubeadm join --config=/etc/kubernetes/kubeadm-client.yaml -v=5

Up to this point, you should have a kubewharf enhanced kubernetes cluster up and running.